At 6-12”, this native evergreen trailing groundcover will grow in poor or sandy well-drained soils. The thick green leaves of bearberry are combined with small nodding white flowers in mid to late spring followed by bright red berries that persist into winter. The foliage takes on a reddish-plum color in fall providing winter interest. Plant 18” apart. Zones 2 – 6 Full Sun to part ShadeHummingbirds/Butterflies/ Deer Resistant/Native
Clethra alnifolia Summersweet/ Sweet pepperbush
For a sweet and spicy fragrance, plant native summersweet in the partly shady, moist shrub border or woodland’s edge. Birds and butterflies will be attracted to the 3-8” fragrant white spike flowers in July and August followed by dark brown seed capsules in fall. Reaching 5-8’ tall it will spread slowly by rhizomes. Plant 5’ apart. Zones 3 – 9Full Sun to Part ShadeFragrant/Butterflies/Hummingbirds
Comptonia peregrina (Sweet Fern)
Comptonia peregrina - Sweet Fern
A deciduous shrub, ‘sweet fern’ refers to the sweet odor of the leaves, especially when crushed. Has olive-green fern-like foliage. 2-4' tall foliage grows in dry, sandy sites. Native to eastern North American. Comptonia will tolerate salt spray and is a common companion in pine tree stands, spreading to form colonies. Plant 48” apart
Zones 2 – 7 Full Sun to Part ShadeFragrant / Native
Fortherilla major 'Mt Airy'
Fothergilla major ‘Mt. Airy’
Fothergilla is a group of deciduous, spring-flowering shrubs known for fall color and fragrant flowers.We have chosen to grow ‘Mt. Airy’ because of its vigorous growth habit (to 5'), lovely autumn color, dependable cold hardiness, and the bonus of those white flowers that open as leaves emerge in spring.Fall color is most brilliant where this shrub is grown in full sun.Give it the moist, peaty, acid soil it prefers for best performance. Plant 3’ apart.
Discovered by plantsman Michael A. Dirr at the Mt. Airy Arboretum in Cinncinnati, Ohio. Believed to be a hybrid between gardenii and F. major. Forthergilla is named after Dr. John Fothergill, an 18th century English physician and early collector of American plants.
The mint aroma of the evergreen leaves when crushed along with the bright red berries in fall make wintergreen, at 3-6”, a nice addition to the rock garden or edged path. White bell-shaped flowers bloom from June to August as the plant spreads by underground stems. Foliage will benefit from morning sun and light afternoon shade as it turns reddish in the fall.
Plant 18” apart. Zones 3 – 8 Full Sun to Part ShadeFragrant/Native
Hydrangea aborescens 'Annabelle'
Hydrangea aborescens ‘Annabelle’ Smooth Hydrangea
The classic brilliantly white “mop-head” blooms of ‘Annabelle’ are evident from May-July, and can be 12" in diameter.The shrub’s shape is definitely a rounded mound, broader than high at maturity.Figure the height at 3-5'.Try it with Spiraeas for a real summer show.Deciduous ‘Annabelle’ can be cut to within 6" of the ground in late winter. Plant 5’ apart
Grown from New York south to Florida and west to Oklahoma. Annabelle is a naturally occurring cultivar, discovered growing wild near Anna, Illinois.
Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet'
Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ Virginia Sweetspire
Native Itea is gaining popularity for its usefulness in all sorts of landscaping situations whether massed by a pond or stream, or in a border as a companion to a host of perennials.‘Henry’s Garnet’ has fragrant 6" long white racemes in June and July in good quantity.The rich green leaves make a nice rounded shape 4-5' high and 6' wide.Its foliage in the fall is dependably brilliant reddish-purple in color before fulfilling its deciduous life cycle.This shrub is easy to grow handling shade or sun, and wet or dry soils. Plant 5’ apart.
Found from New York, south to Florida and west to Texas. 'Henry's Garnet' is a selection from the Swarthmore College campus in Pennsylvania.
Itea virginica 'Little Henry'
Itea virginica ‘Little Henry’ Dwarf Virginia Sweetspire
The arching shoots of native ‘Little Henry’ bear the same fragrant white bottlebrush blooms as ‘Henry’s Garnet’, but this handy little deciduous shrub reaches 2 1/2' tallat best.Tidy in shape, the shiny dark green leaves turn brilliantly red-purple in fall.As a foil for competing perennial colors in the border, for foliage contrast, or massed on its own, ‘Little Henry’ is an alternative worth considering.PP#10988. Plant 3’ apart.
Grown from New York south to Florida and west to Texas. 'Little Henry' is a dwarf version of the Missouri species. It was developed by Richard Feist at Hummingbird Nursery in Kentucky.
Vaccinium angustifolium (Lowbush blueberry)
Popular among birds, butterflies, humans and the commercial blueberry industry with its mild, sweet fruit that is produced in early summer and preceded by small pinkish-white flowers in spring.Native lowbush blueberry is found growing in fields and balds from New England to Illinois. Spreading by runners, the 8”-12” tall stems are ‘twiggy’ with glossy green leaves in summer and reddish-purple leaves in fall. Prefers average to dry acidic, sandy soil.
Plant 24” apart.
Zones 2 – 5 Full Sun to Part ShadeButterfly / Hummingbird / Native
A native of moist woods, bogs and low areas of the eastern and south central United States, highbush blueberry offers a little something for everyone. Gardeners can enjoy the white flowers in late spring followed by nutritional blueberries in mid summer, while birds and mammals will indulge in its outstanding food source.‘Patriot’ is an upright well-branched variety with blue-grey foliage that turns burgundy-red in fall. It grows 5-8’ tall and produces sweet blueberries that ripen in mid-June. Prefers medium to wet well-drained, acidic soil.
Plant 5’ apart.
Zones 3 – 7 Full Sun to Part ShadeButterfly / Native Cultivar
Yucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle
As a bold accent in groups or in the border, evergreen Yucca is unsurpassed.The sword-like blue-green leaves of this native, with thin curling threads on the leaf margins, are 3–4' high and are of interest all year long.In July and August, very showy and fragrant, creamy-white, bell-shaped flower spikes rise on stiff stems to 5–6'.Sun and drought-tolerant, its foliage is a great contrast to a host of finer-textured plants from Coreopsis to Sedums. Plant 2’ apart
As useful for bold architectural emphasis in the landscape as Yucca filamentosa, ‘Golden Sword’ offers creamy yellow and green variegated leaves with a slightly more relaxed habit.Plan on all the attributes common to our other Yuccas plus a lovely coral winter foliage color at about 30-36".Creamy white fragrant flowers on tall spikes in July-August are a given. Plant 2’ apart.
Yucca x 'Bright Edge'
Yucca x ‘Bright Edge’ Variegated Adam’s Needle
Thriving in infertile, dry, sandy soil, as well as being reliably hardy, Yuccas continue to gain popularity throughout our area.Couple these attributes with the striking beauty of variegated ‘Bright Edge’ and we understand this evergreen perennial’s success as a landscape fixture.The sword-like leaves are rich green with a decidedly bright yellow leaf edge.The height is 36", and the same lovely white flower bells rise on strong stalks in July and August. Plant 2’ apart.
Yucca x 'Color Guard'
Yucca x ‘Color Guard’ Variegated Adam’s Needle
Truly stunning!‘Color Guard’ has stiff green sword-like leaves with a wide bright yellow center, and we mean bright!Our trial crops were gorgeous close up or at a distance, where visitors would gravitate to that brightest sunny yellow blast of color.Add a compact and dwarf habit at 2-3', superb drought-tolerance, deer resistance, an evergreen quality, and a preference for plain sandy soil, and ‘Color Guard’ becomes irresistible.The white flowers in July-August on strong stems are a delightful after-thought. Plant 2’ apart.